Project #8926 - Pathophysiology12





HCR240 Spring 2013 Pulmonary Assignment


Don’t forget to attach the assignment to your answers when you submit them. Be sure to answer the questions completely and don’t hesitate to ask me if you don’t understand the question. 


1. Describe  the Cheyne-Stokes breathing pattern. What does it indicate? (2 points)

2. What is clubbing? What causes it? ( 2 points)

3. What does hyperventilation mean? Hypoventilation? You need to consider that these two concepts are not about breathing per se, but are about levels of carbon dioxide. For example, fast respiratory rate is not hyperventilation- it is tachypnea. (4 points)

4. How does an elevated carbon dioxide level (hypercapnia) affect level of consciousness? Why? (2 points)

5. What is dyspnea? Orthopnea? Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea?  (3 points)

6. What is atelectasis? Discuss two potential causes. (3 points)

7. What is pneumoconiosis? Give an example of someone who might suffer this problem. (2 points)

8. What causes the pulmonary edema in ARDS? Discuss the concept of refractory hypoxemia which is a characteristic of this condition. (3 points)

9. What effect(s) do(es) exposure to allergens have on the lung tissue and airways of someone with  asthma? (2 points)

10. How is the pathophysiology of chronic emphysema different from chronic bronchitis? (4 points)

11. How does pneumonia cause hypoxia? (2 points)

12. What are the symptoms of tuberculosis- name 3. (3 points)

13. Differentiate between central and peripheral cyanosis. (2 points)

14. What is a pulmomary embolism? Who is at risk for developing this condition? (3 points) 

15. What is cor pulmonale? (2 points)

16. What is a tension pneumothorax? Why is it significant? ( 2points) 

17. What is the most common cause of lung cancer? (1 point)

18. Discuss the difference between restrictive and obstructive pulmonary disease. (4 points)

19. What does nosocomial  mean? Who is at risk for nosocomial pneumonia? ( 2 points)

20. What is pleuritic chest pain? (2 p

Subject Medicine
Due By (Pacific Time) 07/13/2013 12:00 am
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