1-What was Reynolds convicted of? On what basis did he appeal his conviction to the Supreme Court in the case of Reynolds v, United States?
2-Why did Congress pass laws prohibiting plural marriages?
3-What did the Supreme Court decide? Why?
Chief Justice Waite delivered the opinion of the Court
Can a man excuse his practices to the contrary because of his religious belief? The permit this would be to make the professed doctrines of religious belief superior to the law of the land, and in effect to permit every citizen to become a law unto himself. Government could exist only in name under such circumstances....
4-What was the long-term outcome of this case (for more than 60 years)?
1-What were the Cantwells convicted of?
2-Why did the Court rule in their favor? How did it incorporate the Free Exercise Clause into the Fourteenth Amendment for the first time?
3-What was the long term effect of Cantwell?
Taxing Evangelical Efforts
1-How did the Court rule on cases of cities trying to levy a tax on anyone trying to evangelize in public places?
2-How were these rulings similar to Cantwell?
3-What were cities allowed to do?
Children as Evangelists
1-On what basis did the Court rule against Sarah Prince?
2-How was this case applied to children of Jehovah Witnesses’ receiving blood transfusions?
Saluting the Flag
1-Why do Jehovah’s Witnesses object to saluting the flag?
2-How did the court rule on this issue is 1940? What was its reasoning?
3-Why did the court look at this issue again three years later?
4-How and why did it reverse its earlier ruling?
United States vs. Ballard
1-How did the Court answer this question that was at the heart of this case: Does a civil court or the government have the right to evaluate the religious beliefs of a person or a group?
2-How did this ruling benefit all religious groups?
By the end of 1963, how does Flowers characterize the Supreme Court’s definition of the free exercise of religion?
As the title of Flowers’ chapter suggests, we will concentrate this week on the scope, or the extent to which, Americans can exercise their First Amendment right--the free exercise of the religion of their choice. Flowers discussion is about how Supreme Court cases defined religious freedom before 1963. Cases ruled on after that year changed the definition of the scope of freedom.
Before you start reading the Flowers’ chapter, take a few minutes to read the sections from Marsden noted above so that you will have fresh in your mind some general information about the Mormons and the Jehovah’s Witnesses.
|Due By (Pacific Time)
||10/23/2015 12:00 am