Project #77055 - Organizational behavior - Discussion question and Exercise. 3-4 PAGES.


Consider the six key elements of organizational structure defined in Chapter 15 (Foundations of Organizational Structure) and discuss how you view the importance or significance of one or more of them as it might relate to your current or former workplace.

They are: Work Specialization, Departmentalization, Chain of command, Span of control, Centralization and decentralization, Formalization.



Read the Ethical Dilemma at the end of Chapter 16 called “A Bankrupt Culture." (ETHICAL DILEMMA BELOW).

Prepare and submit your answers to the following questions:

  1. What does this story tell you about the effect of top management on organizational culture?
  2. Denise Brown, a former member of the Tribune's management, said, "If you spoke up, you were portrayed as a sissy." How would you have reacted if you witnessed some of these behaviors?
  3. How can you determine when a line has been crossed between a fun and informal culture, and one that is offensive and inappropriate?

    ETHICAL DILEMMA: A Bankrupt Culture:

    Like many newspapers, the Chicago Tribune is in trouble.
    The 165-year-old paper was bought by real estate mogul
    Sam Zell in 2007, who promptly filed for bankruptcy. That
    didn’t surprise experts. What Zell did next did.
    Zell hired Randy Michaels as the Tribune Company’s
    CEO. Soon after Michaels arrived, he launched an attack
    on the Tribune’s culture. In an informal meeting with a
    group of fellow Tribune executives, Michaels said, “Watch
    this” and offered the waitress $100 to show her breasts.
    The group was dumbfounded.
    But Michaels hardly stopped there.
    Michaels was fond of a culture that included “sexual
    innuendo, poisonous workplace banter, and profane
    invective.” One press release announced the hiring of
    Kim Johnson, who, it was said, was “a former waitress at
    ‘Knockers—The Place for Hot Racks and Cold Brews.’”
    Another executive reporting to Michaels sent links to
    raunchy Web sites in e-mail messages. Michaels was heard
    loudly discussing with other executives he had brought
    with him the “sexual suitability of various employees.”
    When some complained about the change in the culture,
    Michaels rewrote the employee handbook. “Working
    at Tribune means accepting that you might hear a word
    that you, personally, might not use,” the new manual
    stated. “You might experience an attitude you don’t share.
    You might hear a joke that you don’t consider funny. That
    is because a loose, fun, nonlinear atmosphere is important
    to the creative process.” It then concluded, “This should
    be understood, should not be a surprise, and not considered
    Eventually Michaels was forced out, but the damage
    had been done. The Tribune continues to operate in
    bankruptcy and more than 5,000 employees have lost
    their jobs. In retrospect, Zell has called his purchase “the
    deal from hell.” It appears he appointed a CEO to match
    the deal.

Subject Business
Due By (Pacific Time) 07/23/2015 05:00 pm
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