Project #58806 - Essay - The Artists Tools: Drawing as Critical Thinking


Essay - The Artists Tools:  Drawing as Critical Thinking

Leonardo da Vinci, Self Portrait and Flight of Birds

Leonardo da Vinci.  Drawing: Self Portrait and  Study of Flight of Birds.  15th century.

Drawing as Critical Thinking

Critical thinking helps us learn, develop new ideas, and formulate theories.  Sometimes artists use drawing as a visual process of critical thinking. What is critical thinking? "Critical thinking" has been defined as "self-guided, self-disciplined thinking which attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fair-minded way" ( The critical thinking process allows artists to see their subject from numerous perspectives within numerous contexts.  Nowhere is this more obvious than in the Renaissance era drawings of artists like Leonardo da Vinci or in the nature studies of Albrecht Dürer (opens in new window). Critical thinking can also be found in the schematic and preliminary drawings of modern artists, including sculptors and architects. 

Step 1: Research

Using the ART 110 Research Guide sources or comparable sites, research Renaissance drawings, schematic drawings, and architectural renderings.  Many artists who work on a large scale, including earthworks and sculpture, will produce preliminary schematic drawings, but major aritsts of the Renaissance also produced large quantities "cartoons"--sketches used as studies for larger works.  Although these drawings were not usually considered art at the time, many did survive and are now proudly exhibited in museum collections.

Step 2: Writing

Essay (800 - 1200 Words)

A.  First, insert an image file of the drawing you have chosen to write about.  Review the information regarding "thesis statements" in the Module 2 Writing Review.  In your own introductory paragraph's thesis statement, identify the artist who created the drawing, the subject of the drawing, and explain how the artist is using the art as part of their critical thinking process. (For help with writing a thesis statement, visit the Module 2 Writing Skills pages.)

B.  In your essay's body paragraphs, explain what the artist was studying.  Begin your draft by considering the following questions:  What did this artist hope to accomplish?  Were preliminary sketches a normal part of the artist's process?  Was it common in their era or their chosen field, or was this an individual choice.  Many artists are famous for their notebooks.  Has this artist's notebooks been published, are are they works of art in their own right?

C.  Conclude by explaining why critical thinking furthers this artist's studies, plans, and goals, and how drawing aids them in this process.

Recommended Research Sources: 

Basic Information for all AP Submissions:

Create a "Works Cited" section that lists your various sources in MLA Style format at the end of your minimum 2-paragraph AP. Be sure you have properly cited any direct quotes you use in support of your own writing.  For help with MLA Style citations, visit the suggested links in the ART 110 Research Guide or in our course home page's Links area.

Step 3: Submit

Before you submit your assignment, review the instructions once again to make sure you have answered the required questions and provide relevant support.  As always, the title of your saved file must include the module number and your last name (M1_LastName).  Your work should be saved and submitted as a .doc, .docx, or .rtf file.

Leonardo da Vinci Image Attribution:  Leonardo da Vinci [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons



Writing Assignment Rubric

Module Essay Assignments

Writing about the arts is an important part of any Art Appreciation course.  To help you with your ability to write about the visual arts, this course includes several Writing Skills pages. In addition, Modules 2, 4, and 5 include 100 point Essay Assignments. Your essays should reflect a concerted effort to conduct high quality research as well as a good understanding of each assignment's topic.  The assignment instructions will guide you through the process of organizing your thoughts and the paper itself.  Your work should be your own. Cutting and pasting answers from the text or from another source, including the internet, is NOT acceptable and constitutes plagiarism.  Essays should be approximately 800 – 1200 words, approximately two full pages.  This suggested length is just a general guideline. 

Each module essay assignment will have a dropbox where you will submit your final paper.  Remember to follow MLA Style format and properly cite your sources.  Include a "Works Cited" section at the end of each essay that contains the references you have used or cited in the essay. Three reference sources must be used for each essay assignment, and they may include the "recommended" resources listed in the instructions if you choose to use them.  You will find more information in the course resource materials.  Critical thinking is also an important component to include in your work.  Learn the subject you are writing about well enough to put it to use.  For more tips on how to develop your critical thinking skills, visit the course resource materials.  A section on critical thinking is included there.  Your essays will be graded on the following rubric.  Note that these are general guidelines.  To improve your grades, you should follow the feedback and individualized suggestions your instructor gives you. If you are unhappy with your grade, your instructor may give you permission for a rewrite if requested in a timely manner.  Always follow the instructions for the assignment carefully.  Review the instructions one more time prior to uploading the submission to the dropbox.

Please note that it is important you take a clear position on your subject, and support it with arguments and examples.  For an optimum score, always employ the vocabulary and relevant terminology associated with your subject matter.


A (90 – 100) Percent

The student has followed the assignment instructions and demonstrates excellent comprehension of the readings for the unit.  The student is about to articulate well-researched responses that demonstrate knowledge and critical thinking.  Relevant vocabulary and terminology associated with the current and past modules is employed in the work.  The essay is "thesis-driven." ("Thesis-driven" refers to an essay that contains a thesis statement.  In addition, the essay content is consistent with the topic and perspective stated in the thesis statement.)

B (80 – 89)

The student has demonstrated good comprehension of the readings for the unit and is able to articulate a well-researched response with adequate support.  The essay is "thesis-driven," and relevant vocabulary and terminology is used.

C (70 – 79)

The student has demonstrated a basic comprehension of the readings for the unit and is able to articulate a relevant response that includes support, but the thesis is vague or nonexistent, and little relevant vocabulary or terminology is employed.

D (60 –69)

The student has demonstrated little comprehension of the readings for the unit, did not follow instructions for the essay assignment, or is unable to articulate a relevant response.  There is no thesis statement, and no relevant vocabulary or terminology has been employed.

F  (0  – 59)

The student has not demonstrated comprehension of the readings for the unit or is unable to write a relevant response or has no thesis statement or employs no relevant vocabulary or terminology.

Subject Art
Due By (Pacific Time) 02/22/2015 10:59 pm
Report DMCA

Chat Now!

out of 1971 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 766 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 1164 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 721 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 1600 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 770 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 766 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 680 reviews
All Rights Reserved. Copyright by - Copyright Policy