Assignment: Expanded Definition( 2pages assignment and answer the 5 questions and 4 strategies)
You are to write a well-developed, unified and coherent expanded definition paper. (Note: Markel uses the term extended definition; it means the same thing.) The word you define is your choice but must be a technical term associated with your major (your area of expertise such as in econ, the word inflation). Choose a word or term that is complex enough so that an expanded definition is necessary for a complete understanding of its meaning. The main purpose of definition writing is to clarify the meaning of the word for the reader who should also have a reason/need for understanding this word. Your audience is the people in your class who do not share your major and your instructor; as a general audience, we need a nontechnical definition of the word.
The paper should be approximately two typed pages (double-spaced) and must demonstrate basic principles of effective expository and technical writing. Use a traditional essay structure, with an introduction including a thesis, conclusion, and body paragraphs with strong topic sentences and smooth transitions between them. Any diagrams or illustrations do not count toward the page requirement.
You will need to use a combination of some of these strategies in developing a definition(at least 4 and list at the end of the paper):
· a formal definition (often written in one sentence) that places a word in its class or category and then gives its distinguishing characteristics
· the history or linguistic origin (etymology) of the word
· a stipulative definition
· the use of literal comparisons and/or contrasts, analogies, synonyms and antonyms, and/or negations
· concrete examples that help illustrate the meaning of the word
· a division of the whole into its parts (partition)
· an operational definition
· a drawing or diagram to illustrate a word
The Writing Process
First, try some prewriting strategies to find a word that is complex enough for the required length of the assignment. Then after choosing a word, consider the knowledge of your audience as well as the audience’s need (in your opinion) to understand this word. List questions that you think your audience will want to have answered about the word’s meaning (see the attached handout). Next, brainstorm to discover what points you need to include in your definition. Also, study expanded definitions in your textbook and on the handouts.
Second, decide on a focus idea (thesis) that you will use to unify your paper. The focus idea might be something in the word’s central meaning that you want to stress or a particular “slant” toward the word (concept) you choose to emphasize or that the audience needs to realize. Avoid using a formal definition of the word as the paper’s focus. Next, decide whatstrategies you will use to define your word. If you choose to, conduct some research, gathering your material from a variety of sources. Experts, specialized dictionaries, professional periodicals, textbooks, can be useful sources. These sources should be listed in a Works Cited (using MLA or APA style, depending on your major/discipline) at the end of your paper. You may use one visual in your paper, but the emphasis of this assignment is on your writing. If you use a visual, study the guidelines and examples for visuals in Chapter 12 in Markel.
Third, prepare a plan or outline for your paper, making decisions about the information to be included, the most effective order of that information, and the paragraph units. Write a statement of purpose at the top of the outline. This statement establishes what you are trying to give your audience and what strategies and approaches you are planning to use to accomplish this goal.
Fourth, draft your paper. Follow traditional writing principles of academic essay and paragraph structure. The paper needs three parts—a beginning, middle and end—and should have the focus idea (thesis) at the end of the introductory paragraph. Help your reader easily move through your paper by using a logical order, transition, and the given-new principle. Also consider what additional words you may need to briefly define in your paper for your audience.
Write the definition in your own words as much as possible, and carefully quote and/or paraphrase any material not your own. Review correct documentation (MLA or APA, depending what your discipline uses) and use as necessary. Present your material objectively, using the third-person point of view.
Fifth, revise. Keep in mind your writing situation, which includes your purpose and your audience. When revising, work on paragraph structure, the clarity of your word choice, effective sentence structure (for clarity, variety and emphasis), your specific writing problems and general writing mechanics, and the accuracy and thoughtfulness of your content. Achieve unity, adequate development, coherence and emphasis. Also, give some attention to revising for the elements of effective technical writing.
You will be participating in a peer review of your paper with other class members, which gives you the chance to receive feedback from some of your audience. You will probably revise again after this activity.
Sixth, prepare your final copy for submission. Include all of the following items:
· prewriting, including a list of questions the reader might ask
· an outline (or plan) for the paper with a statement of purpose at the top along with the paper’s thesis statement
· rough draft(s) showing revision
· the completed analysis sheet (attached to this assignment sheet)
· the final draft with a Works Cited or Reference list if necessary
· peer review comments
Submit all of these in a manila folder with your name on it.
Please try to answer as many questions as you can about the term you've chosen for the Expanded Definition Paper. (at least 5) You need to print this out and turn in with your final draft.
Expanded Definition Paper : Questions the Audience Might Ask
Effective definitions answer questions considered by members of the audience, before they verbalize those questions. Recognizing the nature and variety of possible questions helps you construct your definitions, recognize when a definition is appropriate, and determine the effectiveness of existing definitions when editing.
After the initial “What is it?” you can ask yourself some common questions:
Physical characteristics -What does it look like?
-What are its physical features?
Comparison -How is it classified?
-What is it similar to?
-How does it differ from similar objects (theories, procedures, situations)?
-What are its distinguishing characteristics?
-What are its components (structural parts and functional parts)?
-What does it do?
-How does it work (function, operate)?
Operation -Who uses it?
-What are examples of its use?
-What is its value?
|Due By (Pacific Time)||02/06/2015 10:46 pm|
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