Project #55535 - Spiritual Well Being and Gender Report

Spiritual Well-Being (SWB) Report Instructions


For the first major lab assignment, you will write a report on spiritual well-being (SWB). This is a full APA-style lab report consisting of a title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references. You will be assigned three empirical articles that are relevant to the study and must be cited within your report. You will also be responsible for finding at least two additional empirical articles on your own that are relevant to the research topic, and you must cite these in your paper as well. There is no maximum number of references for your paper, but you must cite a minimum of five references, including the three assigned articles. You will be given faux data to “analyze” and interpret. These papers must adhere to APA style and will be graded accordingly.


This paper will be written as if youare the researcher. The methods have been designed for you, and the results have already been analyzed. Your job is to construct a well written report based on the research articles, methods, and results provided to you.



Follow APA style guidelines



This is a short summary of your paper. It should include a sentence or two about each section of your paper (introduction, method, results, and discussion).



In the introduction, you will describe the previous research on spiritual well-being. In the introduction, you will also describe the previous research on spiritual well-being and gender. I will give you three articles to read and discuss in your introduction, and you will be responsible for finding at least two more sources. Your introduction will describe previous research and justify your hypothesis and your methods. Specifically, should begin this section broadly by introducing the reader to the topic and providing a context for the topic. Then, describe previous research and explain how the research relates to gender. You should have a section introducing your paper, a section defining and reviewing the literature on spiritual well-being, and another section defining and reviewing the literature on spiritual well-being and gender. Make sure you define your terms. Be sure to discuss possible limitations and theoretical gaps in the previous research (e.g., there is a lot of research on religious orientation and gender but little research on spiritual well-being and gender). Then state the purpose of your study and describe your study. The purpose of your study is to examine gender differences in spiritual well-being. Finally, you should describe your hypothesis. Each student must create his or her own unique hypothesis. There are two types of hypotheses you can have: a relational hypothesis or a group differences hypothesis. Your hypothesis is about gender differences in spiritual well-being, then you will have a group differences hypothesis. There are no right or wrong answers for this – just write about your expectations or predictions based on your reading. 1 hypothesis only.



You will have four sections in your Methods section: Participants, Measures, Procedure, and Data Analysis. These should be in APA format.


First, you will have a Participants section describing your participants. At a minimum, you must say how many participants you have and describe the number and percent of women, the number and percent of men, age range, average age, age standard deviation, and racial breakdown (in percentages) of your sample. (Just make this up, but make it realistic. For example, if your participants are college students at UTPB, don’t say that there are 50% male and 50% African American students, because there are more like 70% female and 6% African American students at UTPB.)


Second, you will have a Measures section where you will describe your measures or scales. Describe each scale in a separate paragraph. For each scale, you need to name it, cite your source, state what the scale measures, list the number of items on the scale, name the kind of rating scale (e.g., True/False, Likert-type), describe the endpoints of the rating scale, describe how the total score is calculated, and provide example item(s). If the scale has subscales, you need to describe them as well. You also need to discuss the psychometric properties of the scale – evidence of its validity and reliability from previous studies, as well as the mean, standard deviation, and range for your data in this study in particular. For your paper, you will have two scales: the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) and Gender (depending on your hypothesis). Your paragraph for the Spiritual Well-Being Scale will read something like this:

Spiritual well-being was measured using the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (Ellison, 1983). The Spiritual Well-Being Scale, or SWBS, contains 20 items measured on a 6-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (Strongly Disagree) to 6 (Strongly Agree). Negatively worded items are reverse-scored. The SWBS has two subscales: the Religious Well-Being (RWB) subscale, which is comprised of odd-numbered items and measures sense of well-being in relation to God, and the Existential Well-Being (EWB) subscale…

You will go on to describe the psychometric properties of the SWBS from previous studies, and then state the mean, standard deviation, and range of the SWBS, RWB, and EWB scores from this study (I will give you this data). Then you will have a second paragraph stating that gender was measured using a single dichotomous item asking participants to state their gender (Male or Female). Since this is not a scale but a single demographic item, you do not need to describe its psychometric properties from previous studies, and since you have already provided the numbers and percentages of men and women in this sample in your Participants section, you do not need to restate that here.


Third, you will have a Procedures section. This will be very short (2-3 sentences) where you state that the participants signed an informed consent form and completed two measures, and you will name your measures.


Fourth, you will have a Data Analysis section. Your data analysis comes from your research design, which comes directly from your hypothesis. If you have a relational hypothesis, then you will use a correlational research design with a correlational statistic (for this study, you will use a Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient). If you have a group differences hypothesis, then you will use a group differences research design with a group differences statistic (for this study, you will use a t-test).



In this section, you should describe the results in plain English as well as using statistical symbols. The data are provided in a document in the Week 3 folder. You will either describe the group differences (i.e., t-test results) in gender which you find (or do not find) in one or more of the spiritual well-being scales (SWBS, RWB, or EWB). You describe your results here, but you do not interpret them yet. You will both describe your findings and give statistics to support them (e.g., there were no gender differences in spiritual well-being as measured by the SWBS, t(26) = 2.89, p = 0.20). When reporting a statistic, you report the statistic in italics, followed by degrees of freedom in parentheses, then an equals sign, then the statistical value followed by a comma, then the probability statistic or p-value signified by a p in italics, then an equals sign, and then the exact p-value. Finally, be sure to state that you set your alpha level at .05.



In this section, you should restate your hypothesis, describe the findings that support your hypothesis, and describe the findings that do not support your hypothesis (i.e., both significant statistics and statistics that failed to reach significance). You should also relate your findings back to the literature you described in the introduction. Describe how the results are consistent with or not consistent with existing research. Describe the limitations of this research – how would you make the study better, and what were the threats to internal and external validity in this study (we will learn about this soon). Also, propose some directions for future research (i.e., what other studies should be done in the future?). Finally, bring it home with a concluding paragraph that wraps up everything you’ve been talking about.



This section will include the three papers that are posted for you and the two (or more) papers you found on your own by doing a library literature search. These should be in proper APA format. Please be careful and detail-oriented so your citations are formatted correctly.


To Be Successful

Read these instructions several times. Parts of them probably won’t make a lot of sense the first time you read them, but they will make more sense as you go. This is a very difficult assignment. To earn the best grade, your paper should not only conform to the guidelines above, but it should also be clear, concise, well written, formal, and adhere strictly to APA style standards.


Materials I said I would provide

 Article #1

Measurement of Religiosity/Spirituality in Adolescent Health Outcomes Research: Trends and Recommendations

Article #2

Gender Differences in Spiritual Well-Being: Are Females More Spiritually-Well Than Males?

Article #3

Spiritual Well-Being: Conceptualization and Measurement


Note: These articles must be cited within the text as well as a mandatory 2 additional PEER REVIEWED journal articles.




Subject Science
Due By (Pacific Time) 02/13/2015 05:00 pm
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