Project #53553 - Sociology Research











Directions: Please provide responses to questions below.  Please use proper APA citation for any resources that you use.  Your responses should be 1 to 2 paragraphs in length for each question.




1.      It is often recommended that, when using content analysis as a method of research, a research team use multiple coders.  What is the purpose of multiple coders in content analysis?  What problem could be created when using multiple coders?  How might one deal with the problem?




2.      Are there any ethical concerns with the use of nonreactive research?  How are ethical concerns different for nonreactive research than other types of research?




3.      Validity is a major concern for researchers when using existing statistics and secondary data analysis.  Explain three problems with validity when conducting existing statistics research.




4.      Although using existing statistics can bring a wealth of quality research, one has to be mindful of reliability issues.  Discuss some of the issues of reliability when using existing statistics.




5.      What is Krippendorff’s Alpha?  When and why is it used in non-reactive research?




6.      What is secondary data analysis?  What are existing statistics?  How is secondary data analysis different from the use of existing statistics?  Give an example of each method not discussed in class or in the text.




7.      Many lobbying groups use the findings from content analysis of television programs to make inferences about the state of American culture (the degradation of American values, etc.).  Given what you have learned about content analysis, is this an inappropriate use of content analysis findings?  Why or why not?




8.      How variables will be coded is a primary concern when a researcher utilizes content analysis as a research method.  Discuss coding in content analysis.  What is the difference between manifest and latent coding?




9.      Describe three ways a researcher can summarize the central tendency of a variable.  Explain how each measure of central tendency is calculated and is different from other measures of central tendency.




10.    Explain why a researcher uses a codebook.  How does a codebook set the stage for accurate data analysis?




11.    Describe three univariate statistics.  Use a unique example to illustrate your comprehension of univariate statistics.




12.    Why is knowing the variability (e.g., standard deviation) of a variable just as important as knowing its central tendency?




13.    Discuss the concept of control as it is used in trivariate analysis.  In what ways is it similar to or different from control in experiments?




14.    What does the statement “It is statistically significant at the .10 level” mean?  Is a Type I or Type II error more likely if a .05 level had been used?  Explain.




15.    Explain the difference among the three measures of variation: range, percentiles, and standard deviation.




16. Explain what content analysis is, and what types of research questions it can address.  Please be specific. Then, note what issues might arise in relation to validity and reliability.










Directions:This course contains a research paper.  In each module, you will work on an element of the research paper and then will submit the final research paper in Module 8.  In this module, you will write the body of your research paper.




Step #1: After creating your outline in Module 4 and your survey in Module 5 (see below), you will now write the body of the research paper.  Your body paragraphs should be about 3 to 4 pages in length using proper APA format.






Module 4


It is true that women are assigned lower rank roles and earn much less than men when assigned similar roles in the society regardless of ability and as a result are rank lower than men in educational, economic and professional achievement. In the following points we continue to explore further this condition and give further details about the same.


  • Employers tend to have a preformed mentality to the effect that women have an inferior role in the eventual business venture.


The diverse functions given to women and men in organizations give healthier explanation to gender distinction, incorporating the sexual distribution of manual labor in the family unit. According to King, women have been alienated for a long time and categorized as other individuals who may not be fundamental in patriarchal cultures. As a consequence, women are therefore deemed to be sheer objects in addition to being denied the prospect for self-realization attributable to the few chances and opportunities they get hold of in jobs (King, 2001).


In addition, other feminist writers give historical and temporary participation in resistance movement. Elsewhere, Saba Mahmood challenges Western secular feminism’s reliance on liberal understandings of autonomy in its characterization of Islamic religious women as duped (Mahmood, 2005).


Other writers argue that women are rendered as invisible and the efforts of white women trying to save brown women are dominant in some countries where women are disregarded. In complex ways Western feminists are complicit with and reinforce conservative political aggressions.


  • For a long time, women have been cut off from the confidential sphere of diverse family units and, subsequently, are left voiceless in matters that relate to the public sphere.


Due to this fact, marriage is a place of gender dissimilarity and subsequently, women rarely gain advantage from it as men do. Men do not have as many responsibilities as women in the marriage institution.


Without a doubt, wedded women have superior intensities of nervous tension than unmarried personalities. This is because wedded women have are permanently tied in the marriage institution as compared to unmarried personalities who still free even to get involved at the work place.


  • The sexual distribution of manual labor in the public along with private spheres ought to be changed so as the womenfolk can attain equal opportunity.


Some writers argue that the negative paradigm needs to be supplemented by a more generative theoretical framework, if feminists are to develop a fuller account of agency.


In the negative paradigm, the subject is understood in passive terms as an effect of discursive structures. This tends to overlook ideas of self-interpretation that introduce more active dimensions into understandings of subject formation and agency (Mcnay, 2003).


Furthermore, an unqualified notion of indeterminacy does not unpick the imbrication of relations of time and power that over determine agency.


Ultimately, structural accounts of subject formation need to be integrated more closely with hermeneutic perspectives of the self in order to understand better the complexities of agency in a post-traditional society (King, 2001).


Module 5


The Place of Women in the Society


This survey will look to answer the following questions:


  1. Are today’s women starting their careers better educated than their male counterparts?
  2. What is the average income of working women relative to men of their age?
  3. What is average hourly wage of young women entering the workforce over the age of 30 years relative to men?
  4. What is the impact of the dramatic gains among young working women on their career paths?
  5. Do Americans still think that the society favor men over women? Have their attitudes changed in the two decades?
  6. Who between men and women is likely to say that more change is needed to achieve gender equality in the workplace?
  7. While in the job setting, how likely will women ask for raises or aspire for top management jobs? At what age is this likely to happen?
  8. What is the impact of parenthood for women in advancing their careers? Are men better placed?
  9. Who between men and women are likely to experience more family-related career interruptions?
  10. Are more educated women better placed to endure in family life than uneducated women?


   Step #2: Remember to use proper APA citation. 












































































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Due By (Pacific Time) 01/17/2015 09:00 am
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