Project #48838 - To Convince People To Drink Water More Than Water

I am giving a persuasive speech on why people should drink more water than soda, below I have included an example outline to an already prepared speech. I am not looking for a powerpoint, just someone to fill in the same outline with the requirements for this speech. I ask for 4 sources and this outline shouldnt go over a page and a half as this speech will have a 7 minute limit.

Detailed Guidelines

For this speech, your goal is to persuade the audience to accept some thesis. Choose a topic for which there is actually the opportunity to change audience behavior, or to persuade the audience to vote for a change in public policy. Stay away from topics that are not controversial, not current, or those for which the audience would already agree with you. For example, choosing to persuade the audience to stop smoking cigarettes would not be good because very few people in the audience smoke cigarettes. Persuading the audience that recycling is good is not controversial. Everyone already agrees with that. Whatever topic you choose, register it with Professor Brown. Once a topic has been chosen by another student, it is no longer a good topic choice for you to choose. We don’t need more than one speech on the same topic.


Research is required for this speech. You must use and orally cite at least four credible published sources. Not all sources are equally impressive to college professors, or other critical audiences. An MLA styled Works Cited list is required on your outline. Oral citations of your research are required in the delivery.


Visual Aids are required for this speech. Be sure to follow the six principles of effective visual aids.


Whatever organizational pattern you choose, be sure that you are developing clear and well supported arguments. Make sure they are strong, logical, and complete. Make sure your claims are supported with reasons, and that your reasons are supported with evidence, cited from credible sources.


Your speech will need an introduction and a conclusion.


Grading Criteria


Strive for strong extemporization. This means that you will have spent enough time writing a clear speech and practicing it properly that you can deliver it with strength and confidence, without relying too heavily on your notes. You cannot pass by reading your speech.


Strive for meaningful eye contact and connection with the audience. Maintain that connection and be sure to connect with all areas of the audience.


Strive for good gestures and body movements. Move your body to a different part of the stage when you transition between main points. Avoid distracting movements such as playing with jewelry, hands in pockets, or pacing/dancing/rocking movements with your feet and body.


Strive for a professional appearance. Dress professionally. Casual attire fails to establish personal ethos. To be an A-level speaker, you must dress like an A-level speaker.


Strive for a dynamic delivery. That is, you should seem to be interested in your own speech, and you should communicate that enthusiasm to the audience with your vocal style and body movements.


Strive for appropriate and variable vocal pitch, volume, rate, and tone, based on the nature of the speech content.


Strive for clear and interesting external transitions between main points.


Strive for a flawless formal, logical and complete outline. To be formal, the outline should use formal and consistent notation style and indentation. It should be a final draft without errors. It should be stapled and clean. To be logical, it should demonstrate logical subordination and coordination. To be complete, it should show, in logical outline format, all the speech content in key phrase format. See the sample outline on this document for a good model of what your outline might resemble.


Personal Checklist


I want an A on this speech, so I will make sure of the following:


¨  I will choose a topic that will be a current, controversial, and a good use of the audience’s time. 

¨  I will not read my speech. I will speak from minimal note cards.

¨  I will dress to impress on my speech day.

¨  I will be on time on my speech day.

¨  I will have my outline neatly printed and stapled.

¨  I will practice my speech many times so that I know how long it will be. 

¨  I will create and practice an interesting hook for the very beginning of my speech, without using false starts.

¨  I will create and practice external transitions between my main points.

¨  My research will demonstrate impressive skills at finding highly credible, printed sources. 

¨  My visual aids will be professional and persuasive.

¨  I will speak with passion and enthusiasm, making it clear that the arguments are important to me.




Sample Persuasive Speech Outline


Topic: Bicycle law reform

General Purpose: To persuade

Specific Purpose: To persuade the class that laws regulating bicycle riders should be reformed.

Thesis: Bicyclists should be required to meet same testing, registration, and insurance requirements as automobile drivers.



I.                    Introduction

A.      Hook

                                                  1.     Rhetorical Question: Have you ever seen a bicyclist run through a stop sign or even a red light? Have you ever had your car tapped, scrapped or nicked by a cyclist passing by? If so, then you may be wondering why cyclists are not held responsible for obeying the rules of the road in the same way that automobile drivers are.

                                                  2.     Startling statistic: According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 51,000 cyclists were injured in motor-vehicle accidences in 2009 (, and the Washington Post reported that half of all bike-car accidents in 2004 were caused by the actions of the bikers.  (Washington Post, 2005)

B.      Topic clarification

                                                  1.     Laws for cyclists on the road.

C.      Thesis/preview of main points

                                                  1.     Since cyclists use the same roads as cars, and since they must obey the same laws, they should be required to register bikes, pass tests, and pay for insurance.


II.                  Body

A.      Cyclists are ignorant of laws and safety

                                                  1.     Knowing the rules of the road is important for safety.

a.       Car drivers are forced to learn the rules and prove their knowledge through testing and registration.

b.      Cyclists are required to obey the same rules of the road that cars do, but are not forced to prove their knowledge. (New York Times, May 2007)

c.       Bike shop owner John Gerkin believes that bicyclists should be treated as equal partners with motor vehicles in using the road. (New Orleans City Business, 2009). If bike shop owners support this kind of equality, then so should we.

                                                  2.     Cyclists who are not tested are less likely to know the rules, so they should be required to get tested just like car drivers. 

a.       Less knowledgeable cyclists cause more accidents.

b.      About 30% of bicycle-related accidents are caused when cyclists fail to yield, such as when they ride out of driveways, when they fail to stop at signs and lights, and when they turn left in front of oncoming cars. (

                                                  3.     Solution

a.       Bicyclists should be required to pass tests to register as a road user.

b.      If it is required for cars, and if it increases auto safety, then it should be required for other users of the road.

B.      Uninsured cyclists can’t pay for damage caused.

                                                  1.     Bikers don’t carry liability insurance for their bikes, which means that whey they cause property damage or injury, they are less likely to be held responsible for the accident.

                                                  2.     Bikers can cause damage.

a.       Bikers can damage property by running into cars and causing dents or scratches.

b.      If bikers ride dangerously, they may cause other cars to swerve, leading to even greater property damage. If bikers cause cars to swerve, it can lead to even greater physical harm, even death of other drivers or pedestrians.

c.       Bikers can run into pedestrians leading to great physical harm. According to the Forensic Science International Journal in 2002, “usually the person causing the accident is the cyclist while the pedestriangenerally suffers more severe injuries.” (Forensic Science International, 2002)

                                                  3.     Solution

a.       If bikers are required to carry liability insurance, then the property damage and personal injury caused by the bikers can be covered by the insurance.

b.      If bikers carry insurance, then their rates can be subject to change based on riding habits, tickets, and accidents.  This will lead to safer riding.

III.                Conclusion

A.      Review

                                                  1.     Since car drivers are required to have testing, registration and insurance as a matter of public safety, and since bikers use the same roads, follow the same laws, and can even cause the same damage, is reasonable to require bikers to have testing, registration and insurance as well.

B.      Clincher

                                                  1.     If you care about equality and about safety, if you think that testing and insurance requires for auto drivers is a good idea, then you should support this reform. 


Works Cited

Graw, M., and H.G. Konig. "Fatal Pedestrian–bicycle Collisions." Forensic Science International 126.3 (2002): 241. Academic Search Premier. Web. 11 Aug. 2001.

Rehfeld, Barry. "A Two-Wheeled Option (with a Battery) for Commuters."" New York Times 6 May 2007, sec. 3: 5. National Newspaper Core. Web. 10 Aug. 2011.

"Sharing the Road With Bicycles." Automobiles, Motorists, Traffic Safety and Driving Guidelines. - Smart Motorist. Web. 11 Aug. 2011. <>.

"Sharing the Streets." Editorial. Washington Post 2 May 2001, sec. A: 14. National Newspapers Core. Web. 11 Aug. 2011.

"Traffic Safety Facts: 2009 Data." National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation, 2009. Web. 11 Aug. 2011. <>.




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