Project #47751 - Police Brutality


Literature Review Assignment & Oral Presentation


Part I – Literature Review of a Criminal Justice Issue in the U.S.




“A problem well defined is a problem half-solved.”~ unknown


Using your previously completed “Literature Review Topic Outline,” you will write a comprehensive literature review on the criminal justice topic you have chosen. A literature review summaries, interprets, and critically evaluates existing literature in order to establish knowledge of a subject. The purpose of this assignment is to expand your knowledge of a topic. Your literature review may establish the need for additional research, define a topic of inquiry or resolve a controversy.



Like all academic writing, your literature review should include an introduction, body and conclusion.

  1. Introduction: put forth your argument.

                                i.            Define or identify the general topic, issue, or area of concern, thus providing an appropriate context for reviewing the literature.

                              ii.            Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic; or conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions; or gaps in research and scholarship; or a single problem or new perspective of immediate interest.

                            iii.            Establish your reason (point of view) for reviewing the literature; explain the criteria to be used in analyzing and comparing literature and the organization of the review (sequence); and, when necessary, state why certain literature is or is not included (scope).

  1. Body: use corrections concepts and ideas to explain and support your position.

                                i.            Group research studies and other types of literature (reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc.) according to common denominators such as qualitative versus quantitative approaches, conclusions of authors, specific purpose or objective, chronology, etc.

                              ii.            Summarize individual studies or articles with as much or as little detail as each merits according to its comparative importance in the literature, remembering that space (length) denotes significance.

                            iii.            Provide your readers with strong "umbrella" sentences at beginnings of paragraphs, "signposts" throughout, and brief "so what" summary sentences at intermediate points in the review to aid in understanding comparisons and analyses.

  1. Conclusion: re-emphasize your argument by using corrections concepts and ideas.

                                i.            Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction.

                              ii.            Evaluate the current "state of the art" for the body of knowledge reviewed, pointing out major methodological flaws or gaps in research, inconsistencies in theory and findings, and areas or issues pertinent to future study.

                            iii.            Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and a larger area of study such as a discipline, a scientific endeavor, or a profession.



  • Part I of your research assignment should be no less than five (5) double spaced pages, and printed using 12-point font.
  • You assignment must include a “References” section to document the literature you consulted.
    • You must cite at least five (5) scholarly journal articles or books.
    • Use the American Sociological Association (ASA) citation format to references within your document (e.g., (Green 2009; Smith and Wallop 2013)).
    • I prefer that you cite outside sources and put ideas into your own words, rather than using long quotations. However, a few short quotations are acceptable.


Grading Criteria:

  1. Pick one (1) theme and stick to it.
  2. Use of terms, concepts, theories, etc. that express your understanding of the American criminal justice system.
  3. Paper follows the structure of introduction, body and conclusion.
  4. Paper is written so that it can be understood; that is, it has clarity and coherence.

5.      You must cite all sources and include them in a bibliography. Review the American Sociological Quick Style guidelines. 


Writing Tips:

  1. The first paragraph of any writing assignment is the most important. In effect, the first paragraph should serve as an outline or abstract of your paper. Each following sentence or section in the first paragraph should introduce the various subtopics of the paper in sequential order. The second paragraph should then introduce your first subtopic, and so on.
  2. Start with an outline, and then start writing.
  3. Use headings and sub-headings (e.g., introduction, definition of crime, theoretical concepts, conclusion, etc.).
  4. The paper will require you to think about information presented in class discussions and in the readings. I expect that you will be able to link concepts from different parts of the course to show that you are thinking about both the issue and what a new model would look like.


Part II – Oral Presentation


In class on:

Present a summary of your project, the methodology, and main findings of your research paper in a formal oral presentation to the class. For your oral presentation, use technology (e.g. PowerPoint) to show visuals to the class. Expect your presentation to be about 5 minutes in length.

·         The first part of your presentation should always present the problem (issue you explored).

·         The middle of the presentation should present your key findings, but they should always tie back into the central issue you explored.

·         By the end of the presentation, your audience should feel like they’ve learned something, and that they have a better understanding of the issue.

I also need a few powerpoint slides

Subject Law
Due By (Pacific Time) 11/21/2014 12:00 pm
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