Project #46553 - History

Outline and Bibliography


PLEASE CHOOSE 1 OUT OF THIS TOPIC YOU CAN REALLY WRITE ON. For this assignment, I only need an OUTLINE and BIBLIOGRAPHY for the topic chosen. Example of outline is below. Outline is different from bibliography. Bibliography should be in Chicago style. Please bibliography should be from reputable sources such as scholarly peer review, journals,etc.

You will be helping with the main paper next week if outline is good.

I. Introduction (Thesis)- must be stated

II.  Short History of the Revolutionary War and the Writing of the Articles of Confederation
A. Victory in the Revolutionary War
B. Political Opinions of the Political Leaders
 1.  Fear of Creating an Authoritarian  Government
 2. Power of the States
 3.  Different Views of Citizenship, Political  Rights, Democracy
  a. John Adams
  b. John Dickinson
C. Provisions of the Articles of Confederation

III.  Financial Problems under the Articles of Confederation
A. Postwar Depression
 1. Costs of Rebuilding After the War
 2. Speculators
 3. Destruction of Markets during the War
B. Problems of Tax Collection

C. War Debts Owed by the Articles Government
D.  The Articles Government’s Inability to Impose  Federal Tariffs
E.  Economic Problems and the Northwest Ordinances
IV.  Diplomatic Crises under the Articles of Confederation
A.  British Support for Indian Resistance in the Ohio Valley
B.  Spanish Concerns with American Settlers in Mississippi, Kentucky, and Tennessee
C. Barbary Pirates in the Mediterranean
V. Shays’ Rebellion
A. Causes of the Rebellion
 1. Land Rights Issues
 2. Economic Problems in the Postwar Period
 3. Inflation
B. “Stay” Laws

VI. Constitutional Convention
A. Members
B. Political Differences of the Members
 1.  States’ Rights versus the Power of the
 Central Government
 2. Slavery Issues
C. U.S. Constitution

VII. Conclusion (Reiterate the Thesis)

This outline highlights the reasons why the Articles of Confederation had to be revised; it does not provide a narrative of events.
Throughout the paper, utilize both primary and secondary sources.
Use secondary sources for analysis and primary sources to highlight the real voices of the people concerned with these events. 

HELPING HAND: Always keep your thesis in mind while you’re organizing the paper so that every part of the outline answers part of
your question. If a point in the outline has nothing to do with your thesis, delete it.




Royal absolutism

Compare how royal absolutism was established in France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia in the eighteenth century. What role did religion play in that centralization? Discuss how France established a model of royal absolutism that the rest of Europe sought to emulate

Martin Luther

Discuss how Luther’s ideas challenged the intellectual foundations of the Catholic Church and what the response of the church was.

Legacy of the Scientific Revolution

Once the early astronomers discovered the value of the observation and deduction, others stepped in to apply this method not only to other sciences, but to all areas of human endeavor. The most radical implications of this turn came when these methods were applied to human society, engendering both the Enlightenment and revolution.

Catherine the Great of Russia

Catherine the Great of Russia had a close relation with Voltaire, the famous French philosophe.  In fact they corresponded often, and she was his great admirer.  But, when it came to reforming her society, Catherine proved to be as despotic as any other czar.  How can one explain this dichotomy?  Are people’s words always the same as their actions?  How about when it comes to the practical sides of things? 

The American and French Revolutions

Discuss the backgrounds of each society and the possible factors that led to the revolutions and their eventual success.  Also, underline the differences between the two revolutions.  It is often mentioned that the American Revolution was an anticolonial one with the limited goal of gaining independence without changing the fabric of the society. 

The French Revolution  

The French Revolution may have been the first social revolution, but it plunged Europe into war. In the end, French revolutionary ideas spread to other countries.

Napoleon's domestic policies.  

Consider the following:  1801 Concordat with Pope; codification of the laws; equality of all before law; property rights; divorce; powerful centralized machine…

Captain Cook

Discuss the voyages of Captain Cook and what those voyages reveal about the differences between European and Polynesian cultures.

Christian missionaries in nineteenth-century China and Japan

Discuss the role of Christian missionaries in nineteenth-century China and Japan. Consider both the obvious influence of the missionaries (westernization, spread of European languages and education through missionary schools) as well as the unintended influences such as the Taiping rebellion.

British Colonization of India 

Discuss the way in which Britain gained control of India; the Mughals’ weakness and internal challenges paved the way to the British domination.  Also, discuss the rise of the British East India Company and its control of Indian trade.  Moreover, the expansion of the British power into the countries north of India should be discussed. How did it set the stage for later British expansion? In what ways did British control of India represent the best and worst of British colonial rule?

The Russo-Japanese War


Victoria and Ci Xi

Compare the rule of Victoria in Britain and Ci Xi in China. Consider how both women represent a type of female rule and what both women reveal about women’s lives in the nineteenth century.

The Industrial Revolution  

Discuss the origins and locus of the Industrial Revolution.  Also, the fact that England was the pioneer in this era should be addressed.  Factors such the overseas colonies in Asia and America and their wealth which were transferred to the home country, relative freedom of thought, innovations by entrepreneurs, a strong maritime tradition, and the availability of the natural sources should be discussed.  Also, the relation between industrialization and commercial capitalism should be explored. 

The British Commonwealth

Discuss the nature of the relationship between England and her former colonies of Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.  Attempt to explain the persistence of the cultural nexus between the motherland and her colonies.  Discuss the possible paths open to the natives of the former colonies when faced with European encroachments

The Ottoman Empire

Discuss the structure of the Ottoman Empire.  How did it differ from the European structures?  The rise of inept Sultans and a corrupt court and military should be included in the discussion.  Also, discuss the nature of the encounters between the Western Powers and the Ottomans.  Discuss the nature of reforms advocated by some of the sultans and the reasons for their failures; the reasons should include a conservative religious establishment and a self-preserving military force

The Atlantic slave trade     


Discuss its African and trans-Saharan roots. Discuss how the Atlantic slave trade represented a new development in the altered the market in slaves in West Africa. What were the economic foundations of the slave trade? Examine the middle passage of the slave trade. Discuss the nature of the journey.

King Leopold II of Belgium

Describe King Leopold II of Belgium and why the creation of an African colony was so important to him personally. Discuss how his ambitions for Africa altered the balance of power between the European colonial states and led ultimately to the scramble for Africa

The scramble for Africa

Areas you could focus on include:

            the high human cost of the scramble for Africa

            he scramble for Africa as an expression of European competition for power in the period preceding World War I

            the outpouring of European exuberance and talent that went into the scramble for Africa

            the scramble for Africa as a dark page in the history of racism

            the benefits of imperialism for the African people themselves

            the scramble for Africa as an interesting page in the history of warfare

Also consider the following:

            •           the great explorers (such as David Livingstone)

            •           the African products desired by the  Europeans

            •           the amazing story of Cecil Rhodes and Rhodesia

            •           some of the specifics of European technological (especially military) superiority

            •           the digging of the Suez Canal

            •           Otto von Bismarck’s “World Politics” after German unification

            •           the Berlin Conference of 1884–1885

            •           British occupation of Egypt

The Sepoy Mutiny of 1857

What were the objectives of all sides (Muslim, Hindu, and British), and how did the mutiny play out? Describe the repercussions of the mutiny (social, economic, religious, and political) for India and for Britain.

The British Commonwealth

Discuss the nature of the relationship between England and her former colonies of Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.  Attempt to explain the persistence of the cultural nexus between the motherland and her colonies

The Dutch East India Company

Explain how the Dutch East India Company operated; what was innovative about the joint-stock company? Use one spice, such as nutmeg, and trace how American silver resulted in profits for Dutch investors. Discuss how the success of the Dutch East India Company altered the status of the merchant class in Europe. Explain how the Dutch combined both mercantile profit and military power to dominate the Indian Ocean trade networks.

The French and the British in South East Asia.  

Compare and contrast how the French took over Indochina and the British took over Burma and Malaya and the profit these colonies provided to the Europeans. Discuss how these actions represented the new imperialism rather than the previous approach to colonial expansion or if there isn’t any difference between the new and the old imperialisms.

The western European conquest of the Philippines and Indonesia

Examine the western European conquest of the Philippines and Indonesia. How was this different from the role they played in trading with powers such as China? What did the areas that fell completely under European control have in common?

Karl Marx's criticism of industrial capitalism



Otto von Bismarck


Bismarck enjoyed more success in foreign than in domestic policies. After outlining his effectiveness in both spheres, consider why it is sometimes more difficult to govern one’s own people than to manipulate the grand strategies of foreign lands.

The causes and consequences of World War I.  

Consider the following:

Strong nationalism expressed by the citizens of the European nations.

The belief that the war will be a short one.

Germany’s desire to break up the imperial systems of France and England.

Territorial ambitions of Russia, Britain, and France.

Destruction of the Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian, and Russian Empires.

The role of the United States in World War I.

Examine the role that the United States played in World War I. Why did the United States enter the war in the first place? How was the United States affected by the war? How did the United States shape the end of the war?  

The Influenza Epidemic of 1918-1919


What was the influenza epidemic of 1918-1919? Where did the epidemic first break out and how did it spread? What caused it and how was it finally contained? How many died as a result of the epidemic and what were its lasting consequences? What future lessons might be learned from this epidemic?

The Russian Revolution 1917  


Woodrow Wilson’s concept of the self-determination of nations

Examine United States President Woodrow Wilson’s concept of the self-determination of nations. Why did it have such a profound impact, in the years following World War I, on Asia, Africa, and Latin America? How, specifically, did it contribute to the rise of nationalism and political identities in Asia, Africa, and Latin America?

The League of Nations

Assess the contributions of the League of Nations from 1919 to 1931. Why was it unable to impose peace on the world?

The Great Depression

Examine the causes and implications of the Great Depression. Why was the depression so widespread and so devastating? How did different countries respond to the depression? What would be the long-term consequences of the depression?  

The rise of Mussolini

Trace the events surrounding the rise of Mussolini to power. What was there in his personality and his programs that enabled him to take control of Italy? Examine the policies of Benito Mussolini. If Mussolini had not formed a “brutal friendship” with Hitler, might he have been remembered with respect and affection for solving many of Italy’s pressing problems in the 1920s? Compare and contrast the ideological development of Mussolini and Hitler. Why were their primitive ideologies taken seriously?

Mussolini and Hitler

Compare and contrast the ideological development of Mussolini and Hitler. Why were their primitive ideologies taken seriously?

The rise to power of Adolf Hitler

Examine the rise to power of Adolf Hitler. What were his main ideas and goals? How did he transform Germany?  

The causes and consequences of World War II.   

•           The rise of authoritarian regimes in Europe.

•           The continuation of the conflicts between the imperial nations.

•           The break-up of the imperial systems due to their economic weaknesses.

•           The emergence of the United States and the USSR as the two superpowers in the world.

•           The Cold War and its effects on the developing world

The persecution and extermination of Roma during World War II

Explain why the Roma were so despised by Hitler and the Nazis; why was this people singled out for extermination, along with the Jews? What tradition of anti-Gypsy discrimination did the Nazis perpetuate? Why is the attempted extermination of the Roma less well known than that of the Jews?


Leningrad and Stalingrad

Describe how the Soviets fought off the German sieges of Leningrad and Stalingrad; include the military tactics used by the Soviets, how they utilized the terrain, and the impact of Soviet patriotism.

The Cold War in Europe

Discuss how the Cold War divided Europe and the world politically, economically, and culturally. Debate which was the most divisive difference:  communism versus democracy, command economies versus free-market economies, or collectivism versus personal liberty. 

Subject History
Due By (Pacific Time) 11/08/2014 12:00 am
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