Project #41892 - meno phaedo


  1. 70-71: What does Meno want to know about virtue? Explain Socratesʼ response at 71b.

  2. 71e-72a: What does Meno say virtue is?

  3. 72b-73: How do Socratesʼ examples about health and strength in a man and woman, and his comment at 73c about humans being good, help clarify what it is he wants from Meno?

  4. 77d-79e: After an earlier attempt at a definition of virtue at 73d, Meno now gives another at 77b. What is it, and why does it fail between 79a-e.

  5. 77b-78a: On evil (wanting bad things): Try to restate Socratesʼ argument proving that no one wants bad things (evil).

  6. 80a-80b: Why is Socrates characterized as a stingray?

  7. 80e: Restate the paradox concerning knowledge and inquiry?

  8. 81-82: How is the mythical story about the soul used by Socrates to answer the paradox?

  9. 82-86: What does the illustration with slave boy demonstrate about the nature of knowledge, inquiry, and being perplexed? How is this analogous to Menoʼs own situation with virtue?

    1. 86d-87d: What is the value of hypothesis?

    2. 89c: What is their working hypothesis? Why does it fail at 96d?

    3. 97-100: What is the difference between knowledge and true belief?


    4. 62a-63: What reasons are offered against taking ones own life?

    5. 64a-69e: List specific reasons given by Socrates for not fearing death and why a Philosopher should be confident about dying. Describe the relation between the soul (thought) and the body (senses), and when wisdom is finally attained.

    6. 70c-72e: Sometimes called the Cyclical Argument, what is the ancient doctrine about Hades? What does he mean by opposites needing two processes at 71b? What would happen if the process were linear?

    7. 73a-74: Recollection Argument: What does recollection have to do with our soul and with being reminded of things similar and dissimilar?

    8. 74a-77c: What does he mean by the Equal itself? Why canʼt it be derived from sense experience, and what does it imply about the soul?

    9. 78b-80b: Sometimes called the Affinity Argument (things being akin or alike): Make a list of all the characteristics that the soul is said to like, make another list for characteristics for the body. What does Socrates say about the body soul relation between 82e-84?

    10. 84c-86d: Summarize the objection of Simmias. (soulʼs attunement) (NEXT PAGE) 1

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20. 86d-88b: Summarize the objection of Cebes (wearing out many cloaks) 21. 91c-95e: What is Socrates reply to Simmias?

22. Explain Socratesʼ reply to Cebes:

  1. a)  95e-99d: Why was Socrates disappointed with Anaxagoras and natural science?

  2. b)  99d-102a: Explain his new method of hypothesis and cause. What is meant by the phrase, sharing in,

    sometimes translated as participation?

  3. c)  102a-107a: How does the theory of Forms and the restatement about opposites prove the soulʼs



    1. 201a-202a: According to Diotima, why does Love not possess good and beautiful things? What does it imply about its nature?

    2. 202a-202d: Why does she say Love is Spirit, and what follows from this?

    3. 203b-204a: Who are the parents of love, and how are their characteristic together indicative of the


    4. 204b-207a: According to Diotima, what is the function of Love?

    5. 207b-209e: What point is being made about pregnancy of body vs. pregnancy of soul?

    6. 210a-212a: List and explain the process (6 stages) a lover goes through to attain a true understanding of beauty itself.


Subject Philosophy
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/01/2014 11:00 pm
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