Project #37342 - Science Essay

Students are asked to keep in mind that this is an argumentative essay.  You should have a clear thesis, and make clear points supporting your thesis in each paragraph. 


As mentioned above, style is important, as is correct spelling and grammar/syntax.  These things are always important in any situation, but especially so in the context of an academic paper.  There are many style manuals available for free online (or in print from the Library) that can help you with these matters (also, see the last page of this hand out for general issues).


A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS NECESSARY: a bibliography that clearly references all of the books/articles/titles you’ve looked at in order to write your paper.  You may use both primary and secondary sources in this paper.  You should use at least three different sources to gain a balanced sense of the topic at hand.  All sources (including the textbook, if you decide to use it) should appear in your bibliography.  Use the library’s resources.  A quick note: I would avoid Internet-website sources, as they are notoriously unreliable.  Having mentioned this, peer-reviewed journal articles found online through the Library’s electronic resources are acceptable.  If you have questions in this regard, please ask me.



ADEQUATE REFERENCING IS REQUIRED: If you use another person’s words (or their ideas) you need to reference that by either an endnote or a footnote, or an in-text citation.  Your referencing format (ie: APA, MLA, Turabian, Chicago, etc…) is up to you provided that you are consistent throughout and that it is a commonly-accepted method.  I will discuss this in class, but please feel free to ask me if you have questions about this.


Here are some ideas to get you thinking about possible essay topics (these are merely suggestions):


1)    1.  The knowledge-claims of science are subject to sociological inquiry much like those of other academic/intellectual disciplines.


2)    2.  The development of technology is determinative; its expansion occurs beyond the ability of human freedom to curtail it.


3)     3. Science tells us the truth about reality (or not).


4)      4.The transhumanists are correct (or not) in their assumption that there exists no static ‘human’ nature’.


5)      5.Recently-developed social networking websites (such as Facebook) are corrosive to ‘real’ community.


6)    6.  The technological ‘divide’ as a function of global capitalist expansion is a necessary evil.


7)    7.  There is no such thing as a ‘pre-technological’ society.


8)      8.Theoreticians such as Paul Feyerabend are correct when they argue that science proceeds anarchically, rather than according to fixed and invariable methods.


9)     9. There is no such thing as ‘science’ (in the ‘macro-sense’), only local (and locally-construed) ‘sciences’.


Content: (20 points)


Quality of discussion (20 points)

*Topic/subject/thesis is very clearly stated in the Introductory paragraph (3 points)

*Maintains appropriate focus on the topic throughout the paper

*Arguments and ideas unfold in a logical manner

*Arguments are substantiated both with adequate discussion and adequate (and appropriate) sources from secondary materials (peer-reviewed only)

-Does not bring in unrelated or unexplained/unsubstantiated points

*Conclusions and argument(s) follow from presented idea(s); does not make logical ‘leaps’ from ideas to conclusion or between ideas

*Adequate engagement/depth with topic

-Does not provide simple/unacceptable distinctions/explanations/development of main or secondary arguments

*Consists of specific, developed details (not simply an inadequate or improperly developed ‘list’ of reasons pointing to a conclusion)

            *Maintains clear focus on topic/thesis/subject throughout

                        -Does not branch off into hazy or unrelated comments

*Expresses clear engagement/connection with original thesis

*Does not make major assumptions or dismissals of alternate views without logical evidence

*Does not simply regurgitate quotes in order to prove premises but engages topic on a mature level



Style (10 points)


Spelling/grammar/punctuation (5 points)

               *No spelling mistakes

               *No grammatical/punctuation/copy editing errors—(will be deducted as they occur)


Clarity (5 points)


*Flow and written expression exhibits balance, clarity and style

*Although personal pronouns are acceptable, does not rely too much on personal observation (without adequate substantiation) to prove/legitimize premises

*Ideas presented are appropriately focused and avoids vague or generalizing or stereotyping or inconsistent or unintelligible or needlessly technical/verbose gibberish

*Gets to the point in a clear and concise way without resorting to the stuff mentioned in the previous point



Structure (5 points)


Length/Structure/Referencing/Bibliography (5 points)

*Paper must include adequate Bibliography that sets out any sources that have been used (including textbook, lecture notes, etc...)

*Makes use of adequate sources

            -Must be peer-reviewed sources (articles or books)

            -Dictionaries or Encyclopedias are NOT used as substantial sources

*Where sources are used, they MUST be adequately referenced and the paper must include a Bibliography

-Any consistent, major referencing model will suffice—APA, MLA, Turabian, etc...

                        -Consistency of model is imperative throughout

            *No more than 2,000 words and no less than 1600 words or marks will be deducted


            *organized into clear paragraphs that follow logical progression




Subject Science
Due By (Pacific Time) 08/11/2014 12:00 am
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