Project #3149 - Speech Preparation

Speech Preparation

Last week, we covered the aspects of the speech-creating process: selecting a topic and a goal, gathering information, organizing information, creating a strategy to adapt to your audience, creating and using visual aids, practicing wording, and delivering the message. This week, we will look at creating informative speeches.
The three primary goals for informative speeches are:

  1. To hold the audience's interest.
  2. To help the audience to understand the subject.
  3. To help the audience to remember the important aspects of the subject.

Informative speeches can be categorized into three main types: expository, demonstration, and definition. You will be required to prepare and deliver one of these types of speeches in Assignment 2 this week, but you should already have determined the topic and goal for your speech and begun practicing it and developing visual aids.

The next phase of preparation is to identify and assemble elements that will enable you to present the best speech possible.

Expository Speeches

Expository speeches are general information speeches. They convey understanding of an idea that requires outside source material in order to give the speech depth.

Your audience must have confidence in your expertise and believe that you have their well-being at heart. You also need an interesting, relevant, and intellectually stimulating topic that you can present with enthusiasm and creativity.

Consider the following principles of expository speeches:

Need for credibility:

  • Demonstrate your expertise.
  • Emphasize your interest in the audience's well-being.
  • Look and sound enthusiastic.

Need for intellectual stimulation:

  • Find a new way of viewing the situation.
  • Be sure that the information is something the audience needs to know.

Need for creativity:

  • Gather high-quality information.
  • Pursue new viewpoints or new methods of presenting the ideas.
  • Take your time in developing the points.

Need for relevance:

  • Analyze the audience's need to know this information.
  • Make sure the information will meet the audience's need.

Need for emphasis:

  • Use effective visual aids.
  • Repeat words or ideas.
  • Add humor.
  • Create memory aids (mnemonics).

Take a moment now to consider how you can incorporate these principles into your speech.

  • Utilize appropriate skills, theories, and critical approaches to plan, deliver, and evaluate speeches clearly and effectively.
  • Employ appropriate information literacy skills to select and assess relevant resources to create speeches and writing assignments.
  • Demonstrate awareness of ethical standards and cultural, social, and intellectual diversity in regard to the creation, delivery, and appraisal of speeches and writing assignments.

Subject General
Due By (Pacific Time) 03/13/2013 06:00 pm
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