Project #17833 - position paper



position paper


A position paper is a research paper with your opinion included. In some organizations this kind of writing is called a “white paper.” You will research a particular topic of interest to you that is one of these course concepts:




Recommended Subjects




Business communication

Information literacy

Communication technology

Intercultural communication

Communication style





The body of the paper will be 8-15 pages, double-spaced. An annotated bibliography will be included. Depth of research will be demonstrated by having eight or more bibliographic citations, which are from a variety of sources (not all from one type of source such as online articles), for example books, professional journals, conference proceedings, interviews, videos, dissertations, etc. Proper APA format will be used.




Unlike a traditional research paper, you are encouraged to include your own opinion (or position) on the subject. It is important that you are clear about which statements are your opinion and which ones are explanations about your research. You are encouraged to reflect on how any part of this research project has altered your previous understanding of the subject. You are encouraged to consider how you might deliver such a report to an executive or work team in your organization.




Your paper should include the following components: Cover page, Research, Synthesis, Reference List (which is in the annotated form).




Cover Page




Your cover page should include your name, title of assignment, date, course number and course title.




Research Component




Based on research in current professional journals, present at least three authors’ views on your selected topic. (Be sure to give a complete summary of each author’s position, which may take a page or two.) Sources must be cited within the body of the analysis using the American Psychological Association (APA) author/year, parenthetical method of documentation. You are responsible for knowing how to use the APA format; there are many sources for this information. Ask a librarian if you need more information on APA format.




“Depth” of research is demonstrated by having at least eight sources from scholarly journals, books, videos, personal interviews, etc. (Only three will be presented completely.) Scholarly journals are those such as Harvard Business Review, Sloan Management Review, Canadian Management Review. “Appropriateness” would be a source from a book or article that is focused on a topic about communication, rather than one in another field such as marketing, for example, unless the marketing article dealt specifically with organizational communication at a complex level of discussion.




Annotated Bibliography




You must include an annotated bibliography with your paper. Be sure to include all of your sources and present them in an annotated format.




Synthesis Component




Synthesize your research, class materials, personal experience, etc. to arrive at your own view on the subject. To synthesize, in general terms, means to put elements together to form a whole. In this context, synthesize means to come to a general understanding of the subject, based on the research you have done. You should be able to discuss points made by different authors, whether they would agree or disagree with each other, whether an author’s work is supported through valid examples given, how the work compares with other similar work such as books or articles, etc.




Be sure to justify your views. Also include how this view is likely to affect your actions and decisions in the future. (To synthesize in this context means to come to a general understanding from the research you have done. After the research you should have a general understanding of the subject, and upon that basis, along with your own work experiences, you are able to develop an informed opinion, which is a part of this paper.)



Your views must be identified clearly so that the reader may distinguish easily between the ideas of the authors and your own ideas. Your views must be supported through examples from your own work experiences or those you have read about in a credible source (though not necessarily a scholarly source). Simply agreeing or disagreeing with an author is not enough; your views must also relate to the concepts of the course in some way.




You should be able to provide specific, concrete examples of the theories presented by an author. If your source does not have this, examples from other work may be used or something from your own experience. Cases, documentaries, biographies, and corporate histories often provide concrete examples that you can use to demonstrate your understanding.




Sequence of Content




The sequence of elements is one way to organization your paper; other sequences will work as well. You are free to choose a less rigid form if you are more comfortable with a different writing style. The form of your paper is less important than the content and the ideas discussed within it.




1.  Introduction – Introduce the subject of the paper, briefly. An abstract would also be a good way to introduce the subject.




2.  Summary of Author’s work (insert name, as appropriate). A complete summary of the author’s work will feature all the significant points made in the book, article, interview, or other source.




Summary of Author’s (name #2) work, summary provided.


Summary of Author’s (name #3) work, summary provided.




3.  Synthesis Element – The authors are compared to one another, where they agree, disagree, or provide contrasting information or sources of information. Traditional research, action research and case studies are examples of sources of information that authors might use to support their ideas. You are expected to add your own thoughts on the subject, how the authors’ content is similar to or different from your own. If you do not have direct experience to discuss, then you should have read other sources or textbook material that would serve as background for a discussion. You must be clear about what is your experience, what you have read, and what is from your authors’ work.




4.  Logic and justification of your own views – This will usually be incorporated within the content of your synthesis section. Your experiences or other reading will be used to explain the validity of your ideas. If you do not support your ideas, your agreement or disagreement, with the authors’ work, then you will not have provided any justification. This is also why it is important to do enough reading beyond the three authors’ work that is required, so that you can develop enough of an understanding to have an opinion on the subject. You could also investigate the author’s background to determine whether they should be a reasonable “expert” in this field. If you find yourself in disagreement, you should be able to state, specifically, why you disagree and give supporting evidence that your disagreement is justified.




5.  Annotated Bibliography – This does not have to be a long paragraph. Even a single sentence is better than nothing. APA format is the proper form to use. For this assignment it is possible for you to have “background information” sources listed in the bibliography that you do not necessarily quote and cite in the body of your paper. For an example of an annotated bibliography, see the following Web site:






Subject Business
Due By (Pacific Time) 11/26/2013 12:00 am
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