Project #16262 - New Religious or Spiritual Foundations

Components of New Religious or Spiritual Foundations


1. Monism – there is only one substance, whether you call it god or call it nature.

2. Dualism – two equally powerful gods, one good and one evil

3. Pluralism – all paths to god(s) are equally valid

4. Pantheism – everything is a micro-particle of god. The universe and god are identical.

5. Panentheism – the divine interpenetrates everything in the universe

6. Transtheism – man has the capacity to transcend gods and the natural order

7. Chaos – nothing has any purpose or direction


1. Etiology (What is the world?)

2. Futurology (Where are we headed?)

3. Ethics (What should we do?)

4. Methodology (How should we attain our goals?)

5. Epistemology (What is true and what is false?)


1. Individualistic - The most basic spiritual experience becomes the life quest (raison d'être) of 

the individual.

2. Shamanistic -  Religious authority is taken through personal will power and is used to heal or 

predict the future for others. The charismatic ability of the shaman determines the popularity and 

sustainability of the shaman's beliefs.

3. Communal - Compounding the individualistic and shamanistic belief systems, communal 

religions emerge as an elaborate umbrella for a group of people arranged in clans by lineage to 

the founder(s), by age, by skill, or by other useful social qualifications. 

4. Ecclesiastical - The most complex type of religion that extrapolates from all simpler versions 

of religion. Typically, these forms of religion are eclectic mixtures of religions that have 

preceded them, but are reformatted to gain greater popularity.

Organizational Components

1. Organized Behaviors

2. Definitions of Adherence and Membership

3. Clerical Hierarchies

4. Congregations of Laity

5. Holy Places/Architecture

6. Regular Meetings to Venerate Deities/Expand Consciousness

Practices/ Rituals

1. Commemoration of god, gods, or supreme or common spirit

2. Sermons/Scriptures/Proselytizing

3. Fables/Myths/Narratives/Parables

4. Trance/Meditation/Prayer/Worship

5. Initiation/ Rites of Passage/Oaths

6. Funerary/Matrimonial Sanctification Rites

7. Atonements/Purifications/Substance Use

8. Taboos/Prohibitions

9. Sacrifice/Ceremony

10. Festival/Feast

11. Music/Dance/Art/Icons

12. Resource sharing/ Social Service


1. Death

2. Judgment

3. Heaven

4. Hell





Homework Requirements

Mechanical requirements include:

1. One inch margins all around.

2. Times New Roman 11 point font.

3. Set paragraph spacing at "zero points after".

4. Check the box "do not add space after  paragraphs of   the same style."

5. Use two spaces after a period.

6. Double-spaced lines.

7. Four pages minimum and eight pages maximum.

Component requirements include:

1. One philosophical model that guides the religion or spirituality.

2. Answers to two of the five worldview questions.

3. One model of the religion or spirituality

4. At least three of the six organizational components.

5. Descriptions of at least four of the 12 ritual/practices components.

6. Answers to all four of the eschatology components.


1. Not necessary for an invented "personal" religion/spirituality.

2. For the reports on an established religion/spirituality, two journal articles and one book 

reference should be stated on the last page in APA style.

Subject General
Due By (Pacific Time) 11/19/2013 12:00 am
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