Project #14242 - parole n probation

1.             What is the primary purpose of pretrial release?

2.              How does pretrial release differ from pretrial diversion?

3.              What is the purpose of prediction scales in pretrial release programs?

4.             What are the four purposes of a presentence investigation report?

5.              Why is the presentence report a manifestation of a positivist view?

6.              Why is it necessary for a probation officer to understand medical and psychological terminology?

7.              What type of questions should the probation officer avoid  during PSI interviews? Why?

8.             How have mandatory sentencing laws affected the PSI?

9.             What is the primary purpose of sentencing guidelines?

10.          How does plea bargaining affect the PSI?

11.          What is the purpose of a pre-plea report?

12.          What is the primary argument against making the contents of a PSI available to the offender?

13.         What are the arguments in favor of disclosing the contents of the PSI to the offender?

14.          What has the Supreme Court ruled with respect to the PSI?

15.         What are the criticisms of the PSI?

Chpt 4

1. In contrast to the adult criminal justice system, why is the probation officer at the center of juvenile justice?

2. From colonial days into the twentieth century, what was the attitude toward children in America?

3. What is the philosophy upon which the juvenile court is based?

4. What were the “houses of refuge”?

5. Who are the child savers? Why are they controversial, and what did their efforts accomplish?

6. Why does the juvenile court represent a manifestation of pos-itivist theory?

7. How does the concept of parens patriae conflict with due process?

8. How does the juvenile court reflect positivism?

9. Why should the juvenile court not punish children?

10. What terms are used in juvenile court to distinguish it from the adult criminal court?

11. What are the four types of cases typically handled by a juve-nile court?

12. What are the responsibilities of a juvenile court intake officer?

13. Why are the juvenile services provided to girls usually infe-rior to those provided to boys?

14. According to the Winship decision, what is the standard of proof required in a delinquency proceeding?

15. What did the McKeiver decision rule with respect to jury trials in juvenile court?

16. What was the issue in Breed v. Jones, and what did the court rule?

17. Why is it particularly difficult to be a judge in juvenile court?

18. What is “informal probation”?

19. What is the role of a guardian ad litem ?

20. What is “sight and sound” separation?

21. What is the purpose of an adjudicatory hearing?

22. What is the primary purpose of a predisposition report?

23. In the juvenile court, how does the justice model differ from the social services model?

24. What is a status offender?

25. What are the arguments of those who oppose juvenile court jurisdiction over status offenders?

Subject Law
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/11/2013 12:00 am
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