Project #12650 - Global Warming Essay

Step 3: Write a working thesis statement based on the goal of the research paper.

 A thesis statement summarizes the overall point of a paper by making a claim and then listing points that will be used as evidence to support it. At this point in the process, you should only write a working thesis statement because it may change during the course of your research.

  • The thesis statement is almost always presented in statement form (roughly speaking: such and such is true because of x, y, and z). Avoid weakening your stance by saying “I believe,” “I think,” “some believe,” etc. (After all, the whole point of the paper is to prove that the thesis is correct.)
  • If your assignment is to write an argumentative research paper, the thesis statement should state your position on the issue and offer several main points indicating why your research backs up your position.
  • If your assignment is to write an analytical research paper, make your working thesis a researchquestion (without taking a position) for now. Your answer to the question will later become your thesis. For example, if your topic is on the book To Kill a Mockingbird, your research question might be, "What role does honor play in To Kill a Mockingbird?"

Submit your Thesis Statement in the textbox below.


Step 4 - Compile and structure the outline of the essay.

  • A good way to begin this process is to simply arrange your evidence on paper so that it tells a story – that is, introductory information first, then elaborating details and supporting evidence, then (seemingly) contradictory evidence, and, finally, information that dispels the contradictory evidence and reaffirms the trend. Afterwards, you can write in all the descriptions and connections.
  • It’s always a good idea to present evidence that seems to contradict the larger trend. Addressing and refuting it will make your argument appear stronger.
  • Be aware that the evidence you’ve gathered may bring you to a different conclusion than you anticipated. If this happens, adopt the new conclusion as your own and be grateful that your essay has become more logical.

Submit your outline in the textbox below.


Step 5 - Write the main paragraphs.

These are based on the outline of the essay.

Using the outline and the research you have collecting, construct 3-6 full paragraphs that paint a good picture of what your paper will look like. 

Though body paragraphs are generally split apart by topic, note that very long paragraphs will have to be broken apart for the readers’ sake; look for places to beak that won’t disrupt the flow of your writing.

  • Make sure to introduce new topics with “topic sentences” that let the reader know what you’re going to tackle next. A topic sentence is the first sentence of a paragraph, but not every paragraph will necessarily have them (as some topics span multiple paragraphs).
  • The vast majority of each paragraph should present, elaborate on, and interpret the information you’ve gathered before coming to a brief extrapolation or conclusion at the end.
  • You MUST include in-text citations.

This is where the work gets tough! Refer to the Supplemental Lessons in your course for assistance.

Submit your 3-6 (or more!) paragraphs in the text box below.


Step 6 - Write the conclusion.

Now that you have carefully worked through your evidence, write a conclusion that briefly summarizes your findings for the reader and provides a sense of closure. Start by briefly restating the thesis statement, then remind the reader of the points you covered over the course of the paper. Slowly zoom out of the topic as you write, ending on a broad note by emphasizing the larger implication of your findings.

  • The goal of the conclusion, in very simplified terms, is to answer the question, “So what?” Make sure the reader feels like (s)he’s come away with something.
  • It’s a good idea to write the conclusion before the introduction for several reasons. First of all, the conclusion is easier to write when the evidence is still fresh in your mind. On top of that, it’s recommended that you use up your most choice language in the conclusion and then reword these ideas less strongly in the introduction, not the other way around; this will leave a more lasting impression on the reader.


Submit your conclusion in the text box below.



Step 7 -Write the introduction.

The introduction is, in many respects, the conclusion written in reverse: start by generally introducing the larger topic, then orient the reader in the area you’ve focused on, and finally, supply the thesis statement. Avoid repeating exact phrases that you already used in the conclusion.


Submit your Introduction in the text box below.



Step 8 - Build Up the Body

Now you have many of the major elements to your paper, it is time to build up the paper. Add additional research, background or relevant information.

Your final paper will need to include a minimum of 8 pages of research. This does NOT include the thesis, timeline, etc.

Don't forget in-text citations!!!!

Submit your full body of research below.This should be close to 8 pages, so email may be necessary. Remember to save your work in an outside document before submitting!



Step 9 -Provide a works cited page.

This page includes all of the sources cited in your paper.

You may have references from the earlier assignment that you did not use in the final paper. Do not include them. Only include sources that you cited using in-text citations.

Use this worksheet for step-by-step guidance on completing your works cited.


Another great resource:


Submit your Works Cited Page in the text box below.




Step 10 -The Final Paper

Now it is time to combine all of the previous paper elements, and turn them in as a full project. Add a cover page, include page numbers, and save as a WORD or PDF document.

Make sure you review the syllabus for all paper requirements.

You should incorporate changes suggested to you, and also make any changes you want. This paper should be an improvement on the work you have already submitted.

The final submission should not be made until all previous steps have been graded, returned, and revised.  If revisions have not been made the paper will be returned as Incomplete.

Subject English
Due By (Pacific Time) 09/21/2013 12:00 am
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