Project #122073 - Essay response Comments

 Your comments should be approximately. 100 words with substance. This means that your comments should not be just "I agree/don't agree with Jane." You should go on to say why and bring out additional points/information on the topic under discussion. Also, citation should be written in CHICAGO HUMANITIES STYLE, again I say CHICAGO HUMANITIES STYLE.

You are expected to document the source(s) within your essays and responses (footnote, endnote, or parenthetical citation and a bibliography) remembering that you must do this for all:

  1. Words (quotes – remember to show as quoted, using quotation marks or block quote presentation)
  2. Facts (information)
  3. Ideas (interpretations)

 

Respond to the following 2 post:

Post 1: By Chantel Peterson

 

The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were two of the most catastrophic events that the U.S. had ever caused. The first bomb, “Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima on the 6th of August 1945. The second bomb, “Fat Boy” was dropped on Nagasaki on the 9th of August 1945. The bombings would leave radiation for years and years to come in addition to killing large numbers of Japanese, both during the bombings and then in the years to come due to radiation. (1)

            The U.S. used the bombs in order to get Japan to surrender and in order to try and end WWII. It was believed that in order to end the war, the Japanese would have to surrender, which did not happen, or the Japanese would have to “meet prompt and utter destruction”. (2) The reason for the bombs being used was that there would be “far fewer casualties than an invasion of the mainland” (3) would have. Before the bombs were dropped, the U.S. was ordered not to firebomb the cities that the bombs would be dropped on so that they can use the before and after photos to show how much damage the bombing caused. (4) After the bombs were dropped, the Japanese formally surrendered.

            Although I understand the use of the bombs to hasten the end of the war, I cannot believe that it was the best option. So much damage was caused and an area was completely covered in radiation for generations. Even the pilots of the Enola Gay which dropped “Little Boy” supposedly said “My God, what have we done?” (5) after the bomb went off and they saw some of what was happening below. Although I know there was many bad things happening in the world at that time, like the Nazis and concentration camps, I don’t think the bombing was the best option.

(1) "Hiroshima & Nagasaki Remembered." Hiroshima and Nagasaki Remembered: The Story of Hiroshima. Accessed April 13, 2016.

(2) Alonzo Hamby. Outline of U.S. History. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of International Information Programs. U.S. Department of state, 2011. Accessed April 13, 2016

(3) Ibid.

(4) "Hiroshima & Nagasaki Remembered." Hiroshima and Nagasaki Remembered: The Story of Hiroshima. Accessed April 13, 2016.

(5) Ibid. 

 

Reference

Hamby, Alonzo. Outline of U. S. History. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of International Information Programs. U. S. Department of State, 2011. Accessed April 13, 2016. https://learn.umuc.edu/d2l/le/content/128826/fullscreen/5164915/View

"Hiroshima & Nagasaki Remembered." Hiroshima and Nagasaki Remembered: The Story of Hiroshima. Accessed April 13, 2016. http://www.hiroshimaremembered.com/history/hiroshima/page15.html.

 

Post 2: Jonathan Guzman

I've had the distinct privilege of walking on the black sands of Iwo Jima and climbing Mount Suribachi. To many United States Marines, Iwo Jima is considered holy land. One of the most recognized scenes of our illustrious history is the flag raising on Mount Suribachi. After returning from our visit, I was responsible for giving a brief on the island and the flag raising, why the control of that small island was so important, what impact it had on the war, the Battle of Okinawa and the dropping of the atomic bombs. After doing the battle study to prepare for the brief, I am more than confident in my belief of why the atomic bombs were used.

 During the Island Hopping campaign of World War II, it was determined in order for the United States to succeed, they needed to control Iwo Jima. Iwo Jima was between the Mariana Islands and mainland Japan. U.S. bomber would have to fly over the island on their way to deliver bombs to the mainland. The Japanese would shoot down the bombers on their way to the mainland or radio ahead to warn the soldiers on the mainland. This disrupted several bombing missions. The exact number of Japanese on Iwo Jima varies by reference but there was approximately 22,000 Japanese defenders on the small island. To take the island, the United States sent in 70, 000 United States Marines. The initial plan was that it would only take 3 days to capture the island. Thirty-six days later, the island was finally considered secure. In the end, 6800 Marines and nearly all of the 22,000 Japanese defenders were killed in action.  Twenty-seven Medals of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, were earned during the battle. The amount of Medals of Honor still remains the most ever given from a single battle.

Okinawa was the next target of the Island Hopping campaign after Iwo Jima. Okinawa was going to be used to carry out attacks on the mainland. The Battle of Okinawa began on 1 April 1945 and lasted 82 days. This was one of the bloodiest battles ever. It is estimated that over 12,000 Americans, over 100,000 Japanese and over 100,000 civilians lost their lives during this battle. The amount of casualties, injured and dead, far surpass those estimates.

After my study of these battles and other Island Hopping campaign battles, I truly believe the decision to drop the atomic bombs was made to avoid a land battle on mainland Japan and prevent the loss of millions of lives. Many historians share my belief.  

Bibliography:

Oleksy, Ryan. “The  Battle of Iwo Jima.” Lecture at the base of Mount Suribachi during Iwo To visit, Iwo To, Japan, April 2015.

Guzman, Jonathon. Lecture leader for presentation on the Island Hopping Campaign. Camp Hansen, Okinawa, Japan. May 2015.

Guzman, Jonathon. Lecture leader for presentation on the Battle of Iwo Jima. Camp Hansen, Okinawa, Japan. Jun 2015.

Guzman, Jonathon. Lecture leader for presentation on the Bataan Death March. Camp Hansen, Okinawa, Japan. July 2015.

Sides, Hampton. Ghost Soldiers. Anchor, 2002.

Nalty, Bernard C., and Danny J. Crawford, "The United States Marines on Iwo Jima: The Battle and the Flag Raisings," Marine Corps University. http://www.mcu.usmc.mil/historydivision/Pages/Publications/Publication%20PDFs/The%20United%20States%20Marines%20On%20Iwo%20Jima%20The%20Battle%20and%20the%20Flag%20Raisings%20PCN%2019000316600.pdf

(accessed April 16, 2016)

 

 

Subject History
Due By (Pacific Time) 04/17/2016 10:00 pm
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